Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) Corporation has developed a real–time 4K*1 high frame rate HEVC*2 codec which enables live transmission of high frame rate (HFR) video.
HFR enhances video smoothness and sharpness by doubling the frame rate*3 of the standard video frame rate (SFR), from 50/60p to 100/120p. HFR video is especially effective for fast–moving video content such as sports.
By developing this codec, NTT will contribute to enhancing the quality of broadcasts and public viewing of sporting events. Also, NTT will develop opportunities to use HFR transmission in VR and surveillance applications.
Recently, Ultra HD (UHD) services have launched by many satellite operators and OTT platforms in the world. In March 2015, NTT announced a real–time 4K/60p HEVC video encoder LSI (NARA) and have contributed to the rapid acceptance of UHD service.
Since live sports programs are the main drivers of UHD service, HFR video technologies, which are especially beneficial for sports content, have attracted strong interest from UHD service providers.
NTT’s real–time 4K HFR HEVC codec allows UHD service operators to conduct live broadcasts of HFR sports content.
Both the 4K HFR HEVC encoder appliance and the 4K HFR HEVC decoder appliance, key components of the real–time 4K HFR HEVC codec, are compact 1U size.
The 4K HFR HEVC encoder appliance provides backward compatibility by supporting temporal–scalable encoding*4, meaning the output stream can be decoded by conventional SFR decoder to yield 4K SFR video.
Moreover, our codec supports the MPEG Media Transport (MMT) protocol*5 which enables hierarchical transmission. Two independent transmission routes can be used to transfer the base–layer data, which is used for decoding of 4K SFR video, and the enhancement–layer data, which is used together with base–layer data for decoding 4K HFR video.
- Multi chip encoding. By using two “NARA”chips in parallel, the encoder achieves the high speed processing demanded by HFR encoding, while maintaining visual quality by mutual data transfers between the chips.
- Hierachical transmission by MMT protocol. MMT protocol enables the base–layer data and enhancement–layer data to be transmitted over different IP streams. Using two different transmission routes creates timing offset in the arrival of the data streams. MMT can reconfigure the order of data by using timestamps based on UTC (coordinated universal time).
NTT is planning to proceed with trial experiments of 4K HFR services including video contribution and distribution services for broadcasters and public viewing service. NTT will contribute to the creation of various high–definition and immersive video services by providing this technology.